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# OpenMath Content Dictionary: s_dist1

Canonical URL:
http://www.openmath.org/cd/s_dist1.ocd
CD Base:
http://www.openmath.org/cd
CD File:
s_dist1.ocd
CD as XML Encoded OpenMath:
s_dist1.omcd
Defines:
mean, moment, sdev, variance
Date:
2004-03-30
Version:
3
Review Date:
2006-03-30
Status:
official

This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

The copyright holder grants you permission to redistribute this
document freely as a verbatim copy. Furthermore, the copyright
holder permits you to develop any derived work from this document
provided that the following conditions are met.
a) The derived work acknowledges the fact that it is derived from
this document, and maintains a prominent reference in the
work to the original source.
b) The fact that the derived work is not the original OpenMath
document is stated prominently in the derived work.  Moreover if
both this document and the derived work are Content Dictionaries
then the derived work must include a different CDName element,
chosen so that it cannot be confused with any works adopted by
the OpenMath Society.  In particular, if there is a Content
Dictionary Group whose name is, for example, `math' containing
Content Dictionaries named `math1', `math2' etc., then you should
not name a derived Content Dictionary `mathN' where N is an integer.
However you are free to name it `private_mathN' or some such.  This
is because the names `mathN' may be used by the OpenMath Society
for future extensions.
compilation of derived works, but keep paragraphs a) and b)
intact.  The simplest way to do this is to distribute the derived
work under the OpenMath license, but this is not a requirement.
society at http://www.openmath.org.

This CD holds the definitions of the basic statistical functions used on random variables. It is intended to be `compatible' with the MathML elements representing statistical functions.

## mean

Role:
application
Description:

This symbol represents a unary function denoting the mean of a distribution. The argument is a univariate function to describe the distribution. That is, if f is the function describing the distribution. The mean is the expression integrate(x*f(x)) w.r.t. x over the range (-infinity,infinity).

Commented Mathematical property (CMP):
mean(f(X)) = int(x*f(x)) w.r.t. x over the range [-infinity,infinity]
Formal Mathematical property (FMP):
$\mathrm{mean}\left(f\right)=\underset{-\infty }{\overset{\infty }{\int }}xf\left(x\right)dx$
Signatures:
sts

 [Next: sdev] [Last: moment] [Top]

## sdev

Role:
application
Description:

This symbol represents a unary function denoting the standard deviation of a distribution. The argument is a univariate function to describe the distribution. The standard deviation of a distribution is the arithmetical mean of the squares of the deviation of the distribution from the mean.

Commented Mathematical property (CMP):
The standard deviation of a distribution is the arithmetical mean of the squares of the deviation of the distribution from the mean.
Formal Mathematical property (FMP):
$\mathrm{sdev}\left(f\right)=\mathrm{mean}\left({\left(f-\mathrm{mean}\left(f\right)\right)}^{2}\right)$
Signatures:
sts

 [Next: variance] [Previous: mean] [Top]

## variance

Role:
application
Description:

This symbol represents a unary function denoting the variance of a distribution. The argument is a function to describe the distribution. That is if f is the function which describes the distribution. The variance of a distribution is the square of the standard deviation of the distribution.

Commented Mathematical property (CMP):
The variance of a distribution is the square of the standard deviation of the distribution.
Formal Mathematical property (FMP):
$\mathrm{variance}\left(f\right)={\mathrm{sdev}\left(f\right)}^{2}$
Signatures:
sts

 [Next: moment] [Previous: sdev] [Top]

## moment

Role:
application
Description:

This symbol represents a ternary function to denote the i'th moment of a distribution. The first argument should be the degree of the moment (that is, for the i'th moment the first argument should be i), the second argument is the value about which the moment is to be taken and the third argument is a univariate function to describe the distribution. That is, if f is the function which describe the distribution. The i'th moment of f about a is the integral of (x-a)^i*f(x) with respect to x, over the interval (-infinity,infinity).

Commented Mathematical property (CMP):
the i'th moment of f(X) about c = integral of (x-c)^i*f(x) with respect to x, over the interval (-infinity,infinity)
Formal Mathematical property (FMP):
$\mathrm{moment}\left(i,c,f\right)=\underset{-\infty }{\overset{\infty }{\int }}{\left(x-c\right)}^{i}f\left(x\right)dx$
Signatures:
sts

 [First: mean] [Previous: variance] [Top]

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